The Democratic Republic of Congo`s first democratic elections in 40 years have just been completed. The elections were peaceful, transparent, credible and well managed, according to the overall impression from observation teams, including those from the Carter Center, the European Union, South Africa and the international community. The run-up to the elections was marred by violence in the capital city, Kinshasa, and ongoing conflict in the Ituri area, where Peter Karim`s militia attacked civilians, Forces Armées de la Republique Démocratique du Congo (FARDC) and the United Nations Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUC). Karim did agree to demobilise two weeks before the elections, a step that brought stability to the area. The only violence reported on Election Day was in Mbuji-Mayi (Kasaà¯ province), where supporters of Etienne Tshisekedi of the Union for Democracy and Social Progress (UDPS) forced some poling stations to close on 30 July and reopen on 31 July. The biggest challenge now is to complete the counting process. Electoral officials must process votes coming from 1,400 voting stations at 62 compilation centres. The final results are expected on about two weeks time. Partial results have already been announced and according to international observers this could again stir up tensions. This situation report will address the general situation on Election Day, the electoral calendar after Election Day, the security situation, and possible scenarios once the results have been made public.