Climate change adaptation and its relationship to conflict in fragile or conflict-prone areas have received little attention from scholars or policymakers. Yet, climate change is one of the most important factors in Africa’s changing landscape. Developing policy frameworks and tools for practitioners is essential. In October 2013, a second Adaptation Partnership workshop was convened, following on the October 2012 workshop, which was co-hosted by the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Institute for Security Studies (ISS), US Agency for International Development (USAID) and US Department of State in Washington, DC.
This second Adaptation Partnership workshop aimed at identifying concrete steps to support effective climate change adaptation in fragile and conflict-affected countries, and to turn awareness into action. Themes of the workshop were climate change adaptation plans and a review of conflict-sensitivity guidelines; climate change and conflict-resilience development; and the demography of adaptation to peacebuilding, which considers different geographic setups – national, urban and rural.
Urbanisation, demographics and vulnerability formed another important theme of the workshop. The role of the different demographic factors in the discourse of climate change and conflict was discussed. The need to develop strong policies and regulations for appropriate responses to climate change impacts in urban areas was also underlined. The workshop developed a list of principles/recommendations to be incorporated in adaptation planning at different levels.