This series has been produced by Pan African Climate Justice Alliance, PACJA, in partnership with the Institute for Security Studies, ISS. This series four part policy and technical briefings for engagement by African decision makers, negotiators and civil society during COP17 and beyond. Contributors include Janet Redman, Oscar Reyes, Trusha Reddy, Mithika Mwenda, and Michele Maynard. This is a live rather than a static document. PACJA together with the ISS will therefore continue to update it accordingly. The opinions expressed do not necessarily reflect those of the ISS or PACJA. Authors contribute in their personal capacity.